Friday, July 31, 2015

Integrating a Low-Flow, Metal Tube Flowmeter with Alarm for Process Analyzer Applications

metal tube flowmeter
(Click for larger view)
Diagram for using metal tube flowmeter in
plant process analyzer application.
(Courtesy of Brooks Instrument)

Using a low flow, metal tube flowmeter, with corrosion-resistant wetted parts and magnetic coupled indicator provides a highly reliable method of indication and alarm for process analyzer supply line applications.

These compact flowmeters provide high temperature and high pressure ratings, explosion-proof and intrinsically-safe certification (ATEX, CSA, IECEx and NEPSI Approved), local readout, integral control (needle) valves, and optional transmitter or alarm output.  Operating ranges are typically up to 11 litre per hour, or 26 GPH. 

This approach provides a practical and economical approach to low flow rate indication for high pressure and difficult to handle fluids.

For more information, check out the cut-sheet below:

Tuesday, July 28, 2015

Application Guide for Liquid Analytical Instruments by Industry

process analyzer
Process Analyzer
(courtesy of ECD)

Variables to measure:  pH, ORP, Specific Ion, Dissolved Oxygen, Conductivity & Resistivity.

Features should include: application specific sensor, replaceable electrode cartridges, various process fittings with adjustable insertion lengths, industrial housing materials for compatibility with process fluid.

Application by Industry for Analytical Instruments:

Waste Water Treatment
  • Incoming Sample
  • Primary Clarifier
  • Biological Treatment (Aeration Basin)
  • Secondary Clarifier
  • Sludge Thickening
  • Sludge Digester
  • De-nitrification
  • Chlorination and De-chlorination
  • Effluent
Petro-Chemical Processing
  • Sour water/gas
  • Overhead crude
  • Waste Water Treatment
  • Cooling Towers
Food and Beverage
  • Concentration Control
  • Waste Water Treatment
  • CIP Control
  • Food Processing Sanitation, Vegetable or Fruit Rinse Wash Water
Electronics and Semi Conductor
  • Concentration Control
  • Rinsing
  • Waste Treatment
  • De-ionized Water
  • Resin Regeneration
Metals and Mining
  • Chrome Reduction
  • Cyanide Destruction
  • Waste Water Treatment for Steel Manufacturing
  • Floatation Separations
  • Chemical Concentrations
  • Rinse Applications
Pulp & Paper
  • Liquor Recovery
  • Head Box (Paper)
  • Filtrate
  • Pulp Stock
Chemical Processing
  • Neutralization
  • Concentration Control
  • Waste Water Treatment
  • Gas Scrubbers
  • Cooling Towers
Biotech & Pharmaceutical
  • Product recovery
  • Waste Treatment
  • High Purity Water
  • Resin Regeneration
  • Fermentation and Cell Culture
Drinking Water
  • Intake Water
  • Filtration
  • Contact Tank
  • Seawater Desalination

The following guidebook details what needs to be measured and the devices to use on each application:

Friday, July 24, 2015

Electric Heaters for Heating Flowing Gases To 1000 F

Electric air heaters
Examples of air heaters
(click for larger view)
Do you need a small, compact electric heating system that can heat flowing gas or air up to 1000 degrees F.?

You may want to consider an inline "air process heater".

These fabricated (usually custom) electric heaters are self-contained, provide inlets and outlets, wiring,  sensors to measure internal temperatures, and are available in a variety of materials.

Air Process heater provide hot air and gas up to 1000oF (540oC) with infinite control by varying the voltage and air velocity supplied.

Units are fitted with a tubing “T” for convenient power lead outlet, while larger diameters can be supplied with post terminals on the sheath for direct electrical connections.

Designs can accommodate male or female NPT threaded fittings, hose adaptors, flanges, or custom fittings to your specifications.
Typical Air Heater Construction
  1. Optional stainless steel bushing. 
  2. Ceramic coil support.
  3. Resistance element.
  4. Stainless steel sheath. 
  5. Silver solder.
  6. Fiberglass insulated leads. 
  7. Epoxy seal.
  8. Copper tee.
  9. Heliarc weld.
  10. Optional brass bushing.
To properly size and select an air process heater:
  • Determine the volume of air or gas(SCFM) you will be heating. 
  • Determine temperature rise in degrees Fahrenheit(􏰁ToF).
  • Calculate wattage required as follows:
    • Watts = SCFM x delta-T oF / 3
Take into consideration the physical size requirements of your application and determine from the specifications chart for each size, the air heater best suited for your application.

Summary of Features:
  • Exit air temperatures to 11000oF (540oC).
  • Standard pressure rating is 80 psig at room temperature. 
  • May be used with recirculating air up to 250oF (121oC).
  • Designed for horizontal use.
  • For use with clean, dry air.

Wednesday, July 8, 2015

Epoxy Electrical Feedthroughs: A Better Choice

Epoxy Electrical Feedthrough
Epoxy Electrical Feedthrough
One thing is for sure. You don’t want to scrap a $125,000 semiconductor wafer because dust or a contaminant gas exploited your process through a faulty electrical feedthrough.  In vacuum or pressurized conditions, getting process control signals and power to and from the work environment is always a challenge. Continually evolving specifications of vacuum requirements, or pressurized manufacturing conditions, push the design limits of electrical feedthroughs.  Failure of the feedthrough is not an option.

In applications requiring ultra-clean environments, feedthroughs are always a concern.  Historically, the product-of-choice for semiconductor manufacturing applications was glass-to-metal or ceramic seals. While providing an excellent seal, they are quite limited by geometry, size, electrical shielding, and fragility. Compounding these limitations, manufacturing requirements continue to evolve making it necessary to deliver more data, provide greater signal shielding, and provide higher power. With glass-to-metal and ceramic seals, this becomes very difficult, expensive, and many times, near impossible.

Enter epoxy feedthroughs. The epoxy materials available today make it fairly easy to design feedthroughs with curves and angles well beyond the capability of glass and ceramic. Epoxy feedthroughs can be applied in many shapes and sizes, provides an excellent seal, and accommodates shielded cable quite nicely.

In terms of cost, versatility, and availability, epoxy feedthroughs have a huge advantage. With manufacturing requirements pushing for smaller and more compact equipment, design versatility of the feedthrough is very important, and something that glass-to-metal feedthroughs can not match. Equipment design conditions often require special geometries of the connector, and using epoxy as the filler makes perfect sense.

Another outstanding advantage to epoxy electrical feedthroughs are in availability. Small production runs are easily and quickly accommodated for testing and proof-of-concept.

Ancillary cost savings of epoxy feedthroughs can be evaluated on design accommodation / size reduction, and on the ability to provide cable harnesses right up to the seal, which dramatically lowers production cost. Time consuming manufacturing processes, such as soldering connectors, is eliminated.

For the most part, epoxy electrical feedthroughs can fit the bill as a better alternative to glass-to-metal or ceramic feedthroughs. Very few exceptions exist, and usually center around concern of the organics in epoxy, but again, these issues are very limited.

For more information contact BCE.